Mother Teresa

Category: Written by Nerella Bharat / 10:33 AM

Summary:-
Tenth September nineteen hundred and forty six was a day of inspiration of her Choked by the cosy comfort of the convent, she heard the clarion call from Jesus to go and serve the hopeless and the poor. She took training in nursing and established her house. Sisters take four vows .Poverty:-they must be poor to know the poor. Chastity:-so that they can focus their attention of Christ. Obedience:-do God's well. Free Service:-A special vow of free service to the poor. Her vision is love and care for the people whom no one wants. Her motto is," by Love Serve One Another ".People of kolkatta are very fond of her. She has Indianised herself with sari as an attire, and Bengali as a language. She started her work a meager amount of Rs. Five. For her needs she depends on God and people.Many awards have been conferred on Mother Teresa. She uses her award money to start more homes. She compares her work with a drop in the ocean. But that missing drop also contributes to the vastness of the ocean. The ocean would be less because of that missing drop. This shows her dedication, irrespective of anything significant. However small, acts of love and charity are important .The worst thing for man is to un wanted. The only cure for the suffering mankind is to have willing hands to serve,and a loving heart to care for. Rightly, to the people of kolkatta, She is known as "The lady, the Slums, the Angel of Mercy, the Gentle mother". 


Question and Answers:-
  1. How did Mother Teresa prepare herself to work for the people? 
    A. Teresa was in a convent. On 10th September, 1946,she heard a call from Jesus Christ. She was asked to give up all and go into the slums to serve the poorest of the poor. At once she got permission from the people and the blessing of pope to serve the poor. She received training in nursing in Patna and prepared herself to work for the poor. 
  2. What is the impression that you get of the city of Calcutta? How did Mother Teresa herself feel about the city and its people? 
    A. Calcutta is a busy city with tram- cars, buses, trucks, bullock-carts, rickshaws and countless pedestrians. There are many slums and the railway stations are full of abandoned children, the hungry, diseased, destitute and the dying. No city in the world can vie with Calcutta for the poor and needy. Patients lie in front of hospitals. In short, it is a hell-hole city. 
    But Mother Teresa loves the people of Calcutta, who ,she says, have a special warmth. She quotes the example of an unknown lady who had brought her hot food and helped her to continue the service of the flood victims. 
  3. What constitutes a typical day of a Charity? 
    A. In Mother Teresa House, the day begins at 4:30 A. m. The nuns assemble and pray and meditate for two hours. Then they go to work. Firstly they wash all the dirty linen brought from for the Dying, Sushu Bhavan, the Slum Schools, leprosaria etc. Then they have a quick breakfast. Soon they go to their places of duty with supplies of powdered milk and medicines. They return in the evening. They have an early supper. Then they pray again and meditate and go to bed in their dormitories by 10:00 p.m. 
  4. What idea do you get of the scale of operation of Mother Teresa's organization ? 
    A. The operation of the Missionaries of Charity are spread over to 35 indian cities and towns and to other countries. Sri Lanka, Australia, England, Ireland, Italy, countries of the middle East and Central Afric A. 
  5. How does Kush want Singh describe Mother Teresa ?What is her uniqueness? 
    A. Mother Teresa is barely five feet tall and thin. She has deep greyish brown eyes. She has high cheek bones and thin lips. Her wrinkled face reveals her hard life. Her dress hides all female charms. It is a blue -bordered white sari, which covers her head up to the eyebrows . A small iron cross dangles on her left shoulder. Her uniqueness lies in her simplicity and also in merging herself with the common people. 
  6. Mother Teresa describes 10th September, 1946, as "Inspiration day " and a 'Day of Decision ' . why ? How did this lead to a New Order ? 
    A. Mother Teresa felt that her being shut away from the world in convent was against the spirit of her being shut away from the world in convent was against the spirit of her calling. On 10th September, 1946 she was going to Darjeeling in a train to make her retreat. Suddenly she heard the call from Jesus Christ to give up all and follow him to the slums to serve the poorest of the poor. At once she got permission from the people and had intensive training in nursing in patn A. She opened her first slum school in 1948. Her first student , Subhasini Das, Joined the Missionaries of Charity and changed her name in to Sister Agnes. And thus, a New Order came into being. 
  7. What made Mother Teresa decide to give up teaching and serve the poor? 
    A. Mother Teresa started her career as a Geography teacher in St. Mary's High School in Calcutta and later because its principal. But on the 10th September, 1946 she received a call from Jesus Christ who asked her to give up all and follow him to the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor. Hence Mother Teresa decided to give up teaching and serve the poor. 
  8. In what way was 10th September, 1946 Important in Mother Teresa's Life? 
    A. On 10th September, 1946, Mother Teresa was going to Darjeeling by train to make her retreat. Suddenly she heard a call from Jesus Christ asking her to give up all and follow him to the slums to serve him among the poorest of the poor. Having got the Pope's permission and blessings, she received in intensive training in nursing in patna and opened her first slum school in 1948 and a new order came into being. The day was so important in Mother Teresa's Life that she described it as "Inspiration day" and the day of "Decision". 
  9. What are the four vows taken by the New Order or the Missionaries of Charity? 
    A. The Missionaries of Charity takes the following vows:
    i) Vow of poverty : to be able to understand and serve the poor. 
    ii) Vow of Chastity : to give their hearts complete to Christ in the service of the poor. 
    iii) Vow of obedience : to take all vows according to obedience and to do God's will in everything. 
    iv) Special Vow whole hearted free service to the poor.Without being the mercenary of the rich. 
  10. Why did Mother Teresa have a special interest in the drying ? 
    A. Mother Teresa thinks that showing special interest in the dying is a vocation. It is a call because nobody wants the dying, the sick and the crippled. She wanted those that nobody wanted, no one loved or cared. One day she saw a woman lying in front of a hospital . She was half-eaten by rats and maggots. The sight moved her. She took care of the woman till she died. Thus her interest in the dying started. 
  11. What nationality was Mother Teresa by birth? Which country is she citizen of now ? "…she assiduously Indianised herself". In what ways has Mother Teresa Indianised herself? 
    A. By birth Mother Teresa was of Yugoslavia nationality. But she is now of Indian Nationality. She adopted the Indian sari for her dress. She adopted the Indian style of squatting cross- legged in a chapel. She began to eat Indian food in Indian style. She learnt Bengali. In this way she assiduously Indianised herself. 
  12. She is blessed with certainties", wrote Muggeridge. Give one instance.? 
    A. On being asked who had been the dominant influence in her life- Gandhi, Nehru or Schweitzer, she replied without a pause 'Jesus Christ'. When the author asked her about the books that influenced her, she at once said " The scripture". These facts reveal she is blessed with certainties and convictions. 
  13. What does Mother Teresa think is more important to her work than money? How much money did she started her first school in the slums? 
    A. Getting people involved in the work and make them think that the sick , old and hungry are their brothers is more important , according to Mother Teresa . She thought that money was no problem at all and she was never short of it. She started her first slum school with just Rs. 5 and when people learnt of her good work they brought her things and money. 
  14. What were some of the award that Mother Teresa received and how did she spend the money? 
    A. She received the following awards : 
    Raman Magsaysay Award worth 10,000 U.S , dollars. She started a Leper Home with the money. Pope Paul's White Lincoln Car fetched her Rs.4,000,000. She opened another Leper Home. 
    In 1971, Pope John XXIII peace Prize worth 21,500 dollars was given to Mother leper colony In Bengal. The Good Samaritan Award and the Joseph Kennedy Jr. Foundation Award fetched her 50,000 dollars with which she opened a home for the crippled and mentally retarded children. 
  15. "There are too many poor and destitute in the world today. How much can you do for them?"asked Kushwant Sing . What was Mother Teresa's reply? 
    A. Mother Teresa humbly says that her service to the poor of the world may be just a drop in the ocean. If that drop is not there, the ocean will be less because of that missing drop. If is not the size of the work that matters but the work itself. She knows that she cannot given food to all the hungry, and medicines to all the sick of the world. 
  16. What is the worst of all the diseases, according to Mother Teresa? Why? How does Nirmal Shishu Bhavan demonstrate this idea? 
    A. "Being unwanted" is the worst disease that any human being can experience. Mother Teresa says so because other diseases can be cured with medicines. But, this disease can be cured by willing hands to serve and a loving heart to love. 
    Nirmal Sishu Bhavan is one such home which care of abandoned children and premature babies. They are reared there with at most care and concern demonstrating how the unwanted ought to be looked after.
  17. What does this article on Mother Teresa start with? 
    A. The article on 'Mother Teresa' start with a high praise of her that she is the best known and best loved citizen of Indi A. It also ends with the same note that the people of Kolkata have heaped encomiums on her. The tempo has, thus been maintained right from the first sentence to the last. It is a good way to begin and also to end. 
  18. What reason does mother Teresa give for choosing and in particular, Kolkata? 
    A. Mother Teresa says that India is a missionary country and she is sent there. She says she loves the people of Kolkat A. Their warmth of affection is unique. She relates an experience. Once she was bringing victims to a place of shelter during the floods. Then a lady brought food for her in the car. Mother Teresa says that such affectionate people cannot be found anywhere in the world. 
  19. Speaking about money, mother says, "It is all divine providence". What miracles did she narrate? 
    A. Once in winter season they ran out of quilts. Some sheets were found but there was no cotton to stuff to stuff in them. She was about to rip open her pillow when someone knocked at the door. It was a man who said he was going abroad and came there to leave his quilts and mattresses with Mother Teres A. On another occasion they ran short of rice. A strange lady who had never been to then the exact quantity of rice they needed towards their daily ration. 
  20. What is Mother Teresa referring to ? What does she imply? 
    A. Mother Teresa humbly say that her service to the poor of the world may be just a drop in the ocean but if it is not there. The ocean will be less by that missing drop. Here she wants to convey that it is not he size of the work that matters but the work itself. She knows that she cannot give food to all the hungry and medicines to all the sick in the world.
II. Choose the correct meaning of the word given.
  1. Notorious : Like by people (Popular) 
    well known for something bad (Famous)
  2. Xenophobia : Fear of opponents/ Unreasonable hatred and fear of strangers / unnecessary fear of subordinates / fear of haveing to face an audience.
  3. Thoroughfare : To fare thoroughly (Road or street with much traffic)
    Complete fare (To fare without forgetting anything)
  4. Cluster : A very large crowd / A number persons etc in a small groups / A collection of vehicles (A branch)
  5. Foregather : Come together (Gather in the front) / Gather in a place in a place in advance / Take sides in a fight in groups
  6. Dispensary : Capable of being done without / A person who distributes / A place where medicines are dispensed (A medical shop)
  7. Innumerable : Infinite ( a number that can be ignored) 
    Too many to be counted (too few)
  8. Destitute : Left out with any care (abandoned person) / Without possessions or money /
    An institute caring for people
  9. Spardely : in extravagance (too much) 
    Very little (only now and then)
  10. Homely : as in a home (decorated ) 
    Simple or plain (stately)
  11. Charisma : magical powers (special charm) 
    Unlimited control(beauty)
  12. Austere : simple, without ornament (very grave) 
    Serious(enthusiastic)
  13. Celebrity : performing a function in a grand way / A famous person / The celebration of a festival / State of living unmarried
  14. Dangle : jump with one leg(hand loosely) 
    An ornamental band worn round the ankle
  15. 15.Cloistered : grouped in a place (open to the place ) 
    Shut away from the world (gathered)
  16. Retreat : To go forward (treat against) 
    To go back (retire)
  17. viewith : To challenge (to comptete with ) 
    To envy (to fight with )
  18. Congregation : A social group(A religious group )
    A meeting (a division of congress )
  19. Assiduously : in a careless manner (with great effort) / with careful and constant 
    attention (repeatedly)
  20. Conviction : Firm belief(the act of making a person to believe) 
    Strong will (determination)
  21. Miracle : Just what was expected / That which does not follow / know laws of nature
    Surprise(confusion)
  22. Providence : God's care (providing for future use 
    Provisions (fortune)
  23. Escort : To go with (A cart used in older days) 
    to lead a movement (a group of fellows )
  24. Elucidate : Explain (give in brief ) 
    to question (make it difficult to understand )
  25. Accolade : Thanks giving (public disapproval) 
    Strong praise and approval(welcome)
  26. Elite : Get down (disturbing peace) 
    Most important people in a social group (rich people)
  27. Apostle : Follower of any leader / One of the twelve followers of Christ / A religious leader (a pastor)
  28. Spastic : having more space(not being systematic ) 
    Suffering from a kind of paralysis(indifferent)
III.Select the best option that conveys the meaning of the underlined word and write it.
  1. The Government has been spending enormous sums of money on education. [ ] 
    a)very small b)insufficient c)enough d)very large
  2. He began to recount his experiences. [ ] 
    a)count again b)go into a flashback c)narrate d)recite
  3. All commodities are in short supply. [ ] 
    a)kinds of clothes b)useful things of trade c)articles of food d)luxurious articles
  4. Intensive cultivation is being carried in west Godavari Disdrict [ ] 
    a)extending over a large area
    b)concentrating on a small area of land to produce more
    c)improved d)very deep
  5. The District Collector called a meeting of theelite of the district to discuss the pronlem of drought. [ ] 
    a)elected representatives b)important people c)rich people d)educated people
  6. you must be very careful in choosing you vocation. [ ] 
    a)a long holiday b)the way you spend your holiday c)profession d)course of study
  7. This is a sparsely furnished office. [ ] 
    a)with a little furniture 
    b)with necessary furniture 
    c)with old furniture d)with no furniture
  8. The office has been inaugurated by a local celebrity. [ ]
    a)leader b)worker 
    c)famous person d)important person
  9. She has won a gold chain in a raffle. [ ] 
    a)competition b)lottery c)auction d)scheme
  10. I could not bear the vulgar language. [ ] 
    a)very difficult b)very easy c)ill- mannered d)flattering
  11. we should not try to capitalize on the mistake of the opponent. [ ] 
    a) to supply capital to 
    b) convert into use as capital 
    c) to take advantage of d) to blame
  12. He cold not restrain his anger. [ ] 
    a) keep under control b) strain again 
    c) a period of rest after rain 
    d) to prevent one from doing something
IV.Fill in the blanks with the appropriate word given in the brackets.
  1. That afternoon the author was with Mother Teresa on a begging______________ 
    (job, profession, mission ) for the orphans .
  2. The minister was _______________(escorted, guided, accompanied) into his chamber by his security personnel.
  3. The lecturer _________________ (showed, demonstrated , practiced) us the experiment.
  4. Kerala is thickly ; it is a ___________(popular, populous, less populous )state.
  5. The _____________(deceased, diseased, destitute)left a large sum of money to his wife.
V. Find the wrongly spelt word in each set and write it correctly:
  1. commissionor Junior minor governor
  2. vacation vocation permition station
  3. Attendance providence dance importence
  4. recive relieve perceive deceive
  5. permanent prominent dominant pertinant
VI.In each of the following groups of words, find the word in which the underlined part is pronounced in the same way as in the key word.
  1. Realize : advise urge forgery 
  2. Elucidate : premature measure bureau 
  3. Bureau : beautiful thorough through 
  4. Disease : horses demise search 
  5. Unique : umbrella uncle tube
  6. Church : Christian chandelier child 
  7. Provision : passion erosion mason 
  8. Leisure : ensure pressure assure 
VII. In the following passage the end of each sentence is not indicated. Decide where each sentence ends and write the last word followed by(.) or(!). or (?) 1. She speaks with an Indian lilt in her voice like convent-bred Indians she often ends her sentence with an interrogatory no meaning isn't that so her answers are very brief. VIII. Punctuate and rewrite. 1. What about books have you read anything that you consider having influenced your thinking the scripture. IX. Read the sentence (a) and then complete the sentence (b) using the ideas in (a) keep sentence (b) as close in meaning as possible to sentence(a).
  1. a) you did not invite me; so I didn't attend your birthday party. 
    b) If you .........................................................
  2. a) Let us not reject it. They have brought it all the way from Kolkat 
    b) Now that .....................................................
  3. a) Murali cannot attend college. He is suffering from fever. 
    b) As .....................................................
  4. a) "I will buy a new saree tomorrow ," she said to him. 
    b) She told .....................................................
  5. a) Nothing can be attained in hurry. 
    b) we ..................................................... 

    X. Identity the part of speech of the each underlined word: 
  6. She let a gentle smile come over her face. 
    Ans: a) …………….. b) …………….. 
    c) …………….. d) ……………..
  7. This vow means that we cannot work for therich.
    Ans: a) …………….. b) …………….. 
    c) …………….. d) ……………..
  8. They are usually a few jeeps, a van or a mobile clinic.
    Ans: a) …………….. b) …………….. 
    c) …………….. d) …………….. 

    Key Answers:
    II. 
    1. Well known for something bad. 
    2. Unreasonable hatred and bear of strangers
    3. Road or street with much traffic 
    4. a number person etc in a small group 
    5. Come together 
    6. A place where medicines are dispensed 
    7. Too many to be counted
    8. Without possessions or money 
    9. Very little 
    10. Simple or plain
    11. Special charm
    12. Simple without ornament
    13. A famous person
    14. Hang loosely 
    15. Shut away from the world 
    16. To go forward
    17. To compete with 
    18. a religious group
    19. with careful and constant attention
    20. firm belief
    21. that which does not follow known laws of nature
    22. god's care 
    23. to go with 
    24. explain 
    25. strong praise and approval 
    26. most important people in a social group
    27. one of the twelve followers of Christ

    III 
    . 1) d 2) b 3) c 4) b 5) b 
    6) c 7) a 8) c 9) b 10) c 
    11) c 12) a 
    IV. 
    1) mission
    2) escorted 
    3) demonstrated
    4) populous 
    5) deceased

    V. 
    1) commissioner 
    2) permission 
    3) None 
    4) receive 
    5)None

    VI. 1) advise 2) bureau 3) though 
    4) horses 5) tube 6) child 
    7) erosion 8) pressure 

    VII. 
    voice (.) no (?) so (?) brief (.) 

    VIII. What about books ? Have you read anything that you consider having influenced your thinking ? "The script". 

    IX. 
    1. If you had invited me, I would have attended your birthday party. 
    2. Now that you have brought it all the way from Calcutt A. We should not reject it. 
    3. As Murali is suffering from fever , he cannot attend college. 
    4. She told him that she would by a new saree the following day. 
    5. We cannot attain any thing in hurry. 

    X. 
    1. let - verb 
    gentle - adjusting
    over - preposition 
    face - noun 

    2. vow - noun 
    we - pronoun
    for - preposition 
    rich - noun 

    3. are - verb 
    usually - adverb 
    few - adjective 
    or - conjunction
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